where are solar panels made

Where are solar panels made and should you care?

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One of the things you may have questions about as you shop around for a solar system is where the solar panels are manufactured. This article will help you determine whether a panel’s country of manufacture should be a key consideration for you.

*Note: If you are looking for information on the 30% tariff levied on solar panels by the Trump Administration, read our complete analysis here.

Does it matter where solar panel companies are based and where they make the panels?

When it comes to quality, the mention of any country’s name will evoke an association; each nation has its own brand image, which may or may not be justified. You as a smart solar shopper, however, will want to look at the facts in order to make a more well-informed decision. Our recommendation is to judge each panel by its own merits.

What if the country of manufacture is important to me?

This doesn’t mean that country of origin is never important, of course: everyone has their own preferences. For example, many Americans would prefer solar panels made in the USA to ones that are imported, whether for patriotic reasons or because they trust the ‘American-made’ brand for quality.

American-made vs imported panel costs

American-made solar panels generally cost from $0.50 to $0.80 per watt (W) – about $0.10 to $0.30 more per watt than imported panels. The highest quality, ‘premium’ American panels may even come in around $1.00/W.

For a typical 6kW system, an additional $0.30/W translates into about $1,800, a reasonable amount to pay if the ‘Made in America’ stamp is important to you. Also keep in mind that some states may offer rebates for locally-made panels that can offset some or all of the additional cost.

Check out EnergySage’s list of U.S. solar panel manufacturers for more information about companies that make solar panels in America.

Manufacturing location vs headquarters location

If ‘country brand’ is important to you, be aware that the location of a company’s headquarters is not always the same as its factories. (For example, SunPower is a premium American brand that has manufacturing plants in both the US and the Philippines.) All else being equal, knowing that a company’s head office is relatively close or in a familiar country could help you make a decision.

Where do the top solar companies manufacture panels?

Below, EnergySage has compiled a list of the leading solar panel companies active in the US market based on the most recently available data in 2018. The table is broken down by each company’s market share, headquarters location, manufacturing facility locations and overall quality ranking.

The key takeaways from the table below are that: 1) no single country dominates the market (although the US and China do appear most frequently), and 2) there is little to no correlation between country of manufacture and the company’s quality ranking.

best solar energy companies worldwide

Exhibit: List of solar panel makers in the US by residential market share and country of manufacture*

Solar Panel ManufacturersApprox. U.S. Market Share*Company Headquarters
1SolTech< 1%U.S.
Aleo2%Germany
Axitec< 1%U.S.
Canadian Solar6%Canada
Centrosolar< 1%Germany
Conergy< 1%Germany
Eoplly< 1%U.S.
ET Solar2%China
Hanwha Q CELLS1%South Korea
Hyundai< 1%Korea
Itek< 1%U.S.
KYOCERA Solar2%Japan
LG6%Korea
Lightway< 1%China
MAGE Solar< 1%Germany
Perlight Solar (Zebra Energy)< 1%U.S.
Phono Solar1%China
REC Solar8%U.S.
ReneSola4%China
Sharp Solar4%Japan
SolarWorld4%Germany
SunEdison/MEMC0.50%U.S.
Suniva2%U.S
SunPower17%U.S
Suntech2%China
Trina Solar17%China
Winaico<1%China
Yingli Solar17%China

For any homeowner in the early stage of shopping for solar that would just like a ballpark estimate for an installation, try our Solar Calculator that offers up front cost and long term savings estimates based on your location and roof type. For those looking to get quotes from local contractors today, check out our quote comparison platform.

* 2015 Data, Residential Solar Installations, Source: GTM / SEIA

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28 thoughts on “Where are solar panels made and should you care?

  1. Dan

    If your main concern is Made in China, then you have a long and step life learning curve ahead of you.
    What Zeke said is 100% true, i worked for a solar cell company in Mountain View with manufacturing plant in China, we sold cells to most of the major solar panels brands (globally).

    Warranties are products, and they sell well, keep that in mind.
    Hyundai succeeded with long warranties, but im still buying a Toyota.
    I dont care how many years of warranty Panasonic gives me, if they see more profit in TVs, solar department is toast, just like Sony, Sharp, Toshiba,.. did. Good luck claiming warranties with any of those. For big guys it is a money play.
    Panels today are all good, the cheapest panel will last as long as the most expensive, either made in China or Kentucky.

    Reply
  2. Zeke

    I showed someone on Reddit this page, and he said: “Those panels are only made in those countries as they are assembled there. Virtually all of the key components are made in China or SE Asia.”

    Is that true?

    Reply
  3. Steve Bowen

    If possible, I’d strongly recommend you buy solar panels made in America if you live in America. The reasons are not just patriotic, rather that you are not funding a government in China even more predatory than our current one, and more importantly, I believe from experience that the long-term quality is higher, and *most importantly* your warranty will be honored. I have *never* heard in the last ten years in three different countries anyone, including dealers I know get warranty back from a Chinese vendor. Good luck even finding them 7 years down the line when you notice a problem.

    Reply
  4. Findleton Electric

    Sunpower is a 96 cell Solar module compared to the industry standard 60 cell or commercial 72 cell module. More cells equals more power more efficiency. It’s not a fair rating at all. Apples to Oranges

    Reply

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