virginia clean energy act

An overview of the Virginia Clean Economy Act (VCEA)

Virginia may not seem like one of the best states to go solar in, but that’s all about to change: thanks to the recent passing of the Virginia Clean Economy Act (VCEA), Old Dominion is poised to become one of the most advanced (and financially advantageous!) solar markets in the country.

What is the Virginia Clean Economy Act?

The VCEA is a piece of clean energy legislation that Governor Ralph Northam signed into law on April 11th, 2020. The Act is designed to spur clean energy job creation and reduce the state’s carbon emissions primarily through the expansion of wind and solar power.

One of the most important parts of the Act is the establishment of a mandatory renewable portfolio standard (RPS), which sets Virginia on a path to reach 100 percent clean electricity by 2050. Virginia is by no means the first state to pass an ambitious clean energy target, but they are the first southern state to do so (For a deeper dive on 100 percent clean energy targets, and a list of states that have set one, see our article dedicated to the issue here.)

VCEA includes more than just clean energy targets, but some of the details are very technical and difficult to unpack. In addition to a mandatory RPS, here are a few key initiatives included in the bill:

  • Dominion Energy and Appalachian Power, two large investor-owned utility companies in the state, need to retire their carbon-emitting electrical generation facilities. The dates by which they need to do so depends on the type of plant (i.e., whether they burn coal, natural gas or oil) and the size of the facility.
  • The net metering cap for residential customers will be bumped from 20 kW to 25 kW; residential Dominion customers can also size their system to meet up to 150 percent of their annual electricity demand.
  • The bill establishes specific megawatt (MW) targets for offshore wind, solar, and energy storage.
  • There are new energy efficiency standards for utilities, including programs to support low-income populations.
  • The RPS includes a solar carve-out for Dominion, mandating that at least 1 percent of its renewable energy generation must come from distributed solar panel systems less than 1 MW large. 

VCEA is set to go into effect on July 1st, 2020. 

What does this mean for homeowners considering solar?

VCEA has positive implications for anyone considering going solar in Virginia:

Potential new solar incentives

As mentioned above, Virginia’s new mandatory RPS includes a solar carve-out, which mandates at least 1 percent of Dominion Energy’s renewable electricity generation must come from distributed solar panel systems. Importantly, the carve-out excludes solar panel systems that are more than 1 MW large, meaning this requirement will primarily be met by residential and commercial solar panel systems, rather than large-scale utility solar projects. If Dominion Energy does not meet this requirement, they have to pay a compliance payment, which paves the way for a potential new incentive offering in VA: solar renewable energy certificates (SRECs).

SRECs are a solar incentive that provides people with extra income for generating solar power;  you can generate 1 SREC for every 1,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of solar electricity production. Utilities (like Dominion) will then purchase your SRECs to meet their solar generation requirements (and to avoid paying any non-compliance penalties).

The value of an SREC largely depends on supply and demand in a state’s market. You can see this variation play out in the SREC markets of Virginia’s neighbors: as of May 2020, people in D.C. can sell their SRECs for more than $400, while prices in Maryland are closer to $70. 

The state hasn’t released much information about the mechanics of a future SREC program, but we will update this blog with any information about new incentives as they become available.

Larger solar panel installations

As far as solar panel system sizing goes, most people install a system that can meet as close to 100 percent of their electricity needs as possible. However, if you plan on increasing your electricity usage in the future–whether because you want to purchase an EV, install a hot tub, or switch to air source heat pumps– you may want to install more solar panels than you currently need to save yourself the hassle of expanding your system in the future. This hasn’t been possible for Dominion customers in the past, but now is thanks to the passing of VCEA. 

If you’re a customer of Dominion Energy, you can now install a system sized to meet up to 150 percent of your annual electricity usage. While installing a larger system will likely cost more money upfront, it can help you save more over the lifetime of the system–and will help you earn more in VA’s future SREC market!

You can read more about the pros and cons of installing more solar panels than you need here.

Protection against standby fees

Utility fees can have a dramatic impact on your potential solar savings; fortunately, VCEA adds an extra layer of protection for homeowners going solar.

The bill mandates that Dominion cannot charge standby fees for their solar customers with systems less than 15 kW, raising that from the previous limit of 10 kW. VCEA also removes these fees entirely for Appalachian Power customers, regardless of system size.

Compare solar quotes from local Virginia installers

Thanks to VCEA, declining solar prices, and the soon-to-expire federal solar tax credit, there’s never been a better time to go solar in VA. Want to see how much you can save with solar? Sign up on the EnergySage Marketplace to receive custom solar quotes to compare. If you’d like to start with a quick estimate of solar costs and savings, try our Solar Calculator.

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About Kerry Thoubboron

Kerry is an expert in all things solar! She's worked in the industry for more than 6 years, starting her career as an Energy Advisor dedicated to helping customers compare their options and make well-informed solar decisions. She graduated from Boston University with a degree in Environmental Analysis and Policy. Outside of work, you can find Kerry snowboarding, watching The Office, or having passionate debates about which New England state is best (spoiler: it's Vermont).

6 thoughts on “An overview of the Virginia Clean Economy Act (VCEA)

  1. Ed kelly

    Just a note co-ops are exempt from the 150% clause I’ve had new home construction with SVEC that was ridiculous I could only put in a 6 kW system also the municipalities are exempt from net metering I’ve had to turn down three jobs in front royalVirginia

  2. Matt Powers

    Just a word of warning / caveat to the update posted above. The cooperative utilities are not currently respecting the 25 KW limit since the law did not specifically change the wording in some spots. So although the goal seem to be to raise the entire cap, we are seeing pushback from the co-ops and they are maintaining a 20 kW limit. We are hoping this draws attention and gets fixed soon!

  3. Benjamin B. Sanders

    I have had solar on our home since 2012. We have our system registered in PA via the GATS PJM system for recording production. How do I register my system in VA (we live in Haymarket, VA) and get ready to start aggregating VA SRECs?

  4. Ron Light

    Thanks for this update on solar in Virginia. We have Rappahannock Electric Cooperative (REC) as our provider, so it will be great to see updates that include REC as well. We power our home and business with solar; it would be a boon to have a SREC market in Virginia.


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