how much does it cost to charge a tesla

How much does it cost to charge a Tesla? EV vs. gas fuel comparison

If you’re considering purchasing a Tesla, one of the top things on your mind is probably how much you’ll pay to charge it. You’re likely familiar with how much it costs to fill up a tank of gas, but charging an electric vehicle (EV) battery is a whole new ballgame! In this article, we’ll explain how much you should expect to pay to charge your Tesla and how this compares to comparable internal combustion engine (ICE) – AKA gas-powered – vehicles. We’ll also walk you through some of the major factors that will impact the cost of charging your Tesla. (Spoiler alert: the best way to lower the cost is to go solar!)

Key takeaways

  • It costs $13.96 on average to charge a Tesla. Depending on the car model, it costs between $9.62 and $18.30.
  • In general, the cost of charging a Tesla is 3.6 times cheaper per mile than the cost of fueling a gas-powered car (4.56 cents per mile compared to approximately 16.66 cents per mile for gas vehicles).
  • While you’ll likely pay more upfront for a Tesla than a comparable gas car, EVs are typically cheaper over their lifetime.
  • Want to lower your Tesla charging costs? The best way to do so is to go solar! Sign up for a free account on the EnergySage Marketplace to compare quotes from pre-vetted solar installers near you. 

What we’ll cover in this article

How much does it cost to charge a Tesla?

On average, it costs $13.96 to charge a Tesla, based on the national average cost of electricity. Across all models, Teslas cost slightly less than $0.05 per mile to charge (5 cents per mile). Here’s how individual Tesla model charging costs break down:

How much does it cost to charge a Tesla?

Tesla car modelCost to fully charge
Model 3$9.62
Model S$18.29
Model X$18.30
Model Y$13.58

Across all product lines, the average charging cost of a Tesla is $0.0456 per mile (4.56 cents).

While, as we explain below, the cost of charging an EV depends on several factors, we’ve summarized what you can expect to pay for the various Tesla models. These numbers are based on EnergySage data — compiled from actual electric bills reported by U.S. consumers over the last six months. The average cost of electricity in the U.S. is approximately 15.45 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh)

Keep in mind that the energy required to charge the battery (in kWh) is greater than the battery size because some of the energy used to charge the battery is lost during the charging process. We’ll explain this process in greater detail later on, but it’s important to note that these numbers are conservative based on data filed with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 

Cost to charge a Tesla Model 3

The Model 3 line includes compact sedans and is Tesla’s most affordable line of vehicles. It costs between 3.60 and 4.62 cents per mile to charge a Model 3 product. The Model 3 is Tesla’s cheapest product to charge.

Tesla ProductEnergy required to charge battery (kWh)Cost to charge batteryRange of distance (miles)Charging cost per mile (cents)
Model 362 kWh*$9.62267 miles3.60 cents
Model 3 Long Range88 kWh$13.68334 miles4.17 cents
Model 3 Performance94 kWh$14.56315 miles4.62 cents

*Based on the 2021 Standard Plus model, the closest model listed by the EPA.

Cost to charge a Tesla Model S

Offering mid-size luxury sedans, the Model S line includes Tesla’s longest-range vehicles. Products in the Model S line cost 4.52 or 4.54 cents per mile to charge

Tesla ProductEnergy required to charge battery (kWh)Cost to charge batteryRange of distance (miles)Charging cost per mile (cents)
Model S118 kWh*$18.29405 miles4.52 cents
Model S Plaid116 kWh$17.98396 miles4.54 cents

*Based on the 2021 Long Range Plus model, the closest model listed by the EPA.

Cost to charge a Tesla Model X

Tesla’s Model X line includes mid-size SUVs. Model X vehicles are Tesla’s most expensive products to charge per mile at 5.21 or 5.44 cents per mile.

Tesla ProductEnergy required to charge battery (kWh)Cost to charge batteryRange of distance (miles)Charging cost per mile (cents)
Model X118 kWh*$18.30351 miles5.21 cents
Model X Plaid117 kWh**$18.21335 miles5.44 cents

*Based on the 2021 Long Range Plus model, the closest model listed by the EPA.
**Based on the 2021 Performance model, the closest model listed by the EPA.

Cost to charge a Tesla Model Y

The Model Y line offers compact SUVs. While Model Y vehicles can’t travel as far as Model X vehicles, they are cheaper to charge at 4.27 or 4.70 cents per mile.

Tesla ProductEnergy required to charge battery (kWh)Cost to charge batteryRange of distance (miles)Charging cost per mile (cents)
Model Y Long Range87 kWh$13.58318 miles4.27 cents
Model Y Performance92 kWh$14.25303 miles4.70 cents

How much does it cost to charge a Tesla with solar energy?

Hoping to maximize your EV savings? The best way to do so is to power it with solar! On average, the return on investment for a solar system is about seven to eight years – meaning you’ll be paying less for your solar system than you would be for electricity from your utility at this point. Given that a solar system will typically last between 25 and 30 years and a Tesla will generally last between 23 and 38 years (as explained in more detail below), installing solar along with your EV is worth the investment. In fact, once you’ve finished paying off your system, you’ll be generating electricity and charging your vehicle for free

Compare and discover new electric vehicles

How much does it cost to fuel a gas-powered vehicle?

The cost of fueling a gas car vehicle depends on the size of the gas tank, as well as the type of gas required. You’ll also pay more for gas overall if your car is less efficient (meaning it travels a shorter distance per gallon of gas). We’ll explain how much it costs to fuel the best compact car, luxury midsize car, midsize SUV, and compact SUV in 2021, according to U.S. News.

cost of gas to fill up tank

Honda Civic

The 2022 Honda Civic 4-door is a compact car with a 12.4-gallon fuel tank. It runs on regular gasoline ($4.153/gallon in April 2022, according to AAA), meaning it costs about $51.50 to fill up the tank. The Honda Civic is also fairly efficient, traveling at about 36 miles per gallon (combined city/highway), which provides a range of 446 miles. Overall, fuel costs approximately 11.54 cents per mile for the Honda Civic. 

Mercedes-Benz E-Class

The 2021 Mercedes-Benz E350 4matic is a luxury midsize car containing a 17.4-gallon fuel tank. This vehicle utilizes premium gas ($4.838/gallon in April 2022, according to AAA), which costs about $84.18 to fill up the tank. It travels at about 25 miles per gallon (combined city/highway) and can reach about 435 miles on one tank. Overall, for this Mercedes-Benz, fuel costs about 19.35 cents per mile.

Kia Telluride

The 2022 Kia Telluride AWD is a mid-size SUV and comes with an 18.8-gallon fuel tank. It takes regular gas and costs about $78.08 to fill up the tank. This vehicle can travel about 21 miles per gallon (combined city/highway), allowing it to go about 395 miles on one tank of gas. Overall, fuel costs about 19.78 cents per mile for the Kia Telluride.

Hyundai Tucson

The 2022 Hyundai Tucson AWD has a 14.3-gallon fuel tank. It uses regular gas, meaning it costs about $59.39 to fill up the tank. This car travels at about 26 miles per gallon (combined city/highway), reaching about 372 miles on one tank of gas. Overall, for the Hyundai Tucson, fuel costs about 15.97 cents per mile

What’s the difference between an EV and an ICE vehicle?

EVs and ICE vehicles will both get you where you need to go, but there are a few key ways they differ. First and foremost is their fuel source. True to their name, EVs are powered by electricity, whereas ICE vehicles run on gasoline, which is burned internally. We’ll explain the pros and cons of EVs compared to gas-powered cars and discuss how some popular brands vary in upfront cost. 

Pros & cons of electric vehicles

EVs offer many benefits over ICE vehicles, but there are some disadvantages you’ll want to be aware of as well. The pros of EVs include: 

  • EVs are energy efficient: a higher percentage of energy used to fuel an EV is converted to usable energy.
  • EVs reduce emissions: unlike ICE vehicles, EVs don’t directly release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. However, if you’re not powering them with clean energy, the electricity source used to recharge them may contribute to emissions (though still far less than an ICE vehicle).
  • EVs have a lower cost of ownership: because EVs don’t have an internal combustion engine, the maintenance costs are often considerably lower than ICE vehicles. Paired with savings compared to filling up a gas tank, it’s cheaper to drive an EV than a comparable ICE vehicle.
cost of charging Teslas vs comparable gas vehicles
Teslas cost less to charge than comparable ICE vehicles cost to fuel

Some cons of EVs you’ll want to consider are:

  • EVs generally can’t travel as far: an EV’s battery typically needs to be recharged before a similar ICE vehicle would need its gas tank refilled.
  • EVs take longer to “refuel”: you’re probably used to filling up your car’s gas tank whenever it’s empty – EVs generally require a bit more planning. Even with the fastest EV charger, you should expect charging to take about 15 minutes. However, if you have an EV charger installed at your home, you’ll definitely need to make fewer trips to public chargers!
  • EVs generally have higher upfront costs: as we explain below, you may need to pay more upfront for an EV than an ICE vehicle (but it could be less expensive in the long run). It’s also possible that you’ll need to replace the battery modules within your EV over the car’s lifetime, depending on how frequently you charge it and what temperature it’s stored at. 

If you’re looking to learn more about the pros and cons of EVs, be sure to check out our article that breaks them down in more detail

Does it cost less to drive a Tesla for a year?

If you calculate the average of all Tesla models, it costs $614.51 to charge per year. Comparable gas-powered cars cost an average of $2,245.10 to fuel per year. So, Teslas cost approximately $1,631 less to drive each year than gas vehicles. This is calculated by using the average U.S. gas prices from AAA and electricity prices from nationwide EnergySage data as of April 2022, along with the average distance driven according to the Department of Transportation (DOT) of 13,476 miles each year.

cost to charge Tesla per year vs buying gas

Upfront costs of Teslas vs. gas-powered vehicles

Whether you’re shopping for an EV or an ICE vehicle, a car is a big investment! As we discussed above, EVs generally cost more to purchase than similar ICE vehicles, though this will vary depending on which EV and ICE vehicle you’re considering! 

Teslas are very popular EVs and come in four different product lines: the Model 3, Model S, Model X, and Model Y. To provide a cost comparison between Teslas and ICE vehicles, we’ve compiled a list of the best ICE vehicles in each comparable vehicle category in 2021, according to U.S. News. 

Vehicle category2022 Tesla Upfront Cost (before tax credits)2022 ICE vehicle Upfront Cost
Compact sedanModel 3: $48,490 - $61,990Honda Civic: $22,350 - $28,950
Mid-size luxury sedanModel S: $104,990 - $140,490Mercedes-Benz E-Class: $54,950 - $75,000
Mid-size SUVModel X: $120,490 - $144,490Kia Telluride: $33,090 - $42,990
Compact SUVModel Y: $64,990 - $67,990Hyundai Tucson: $25,500 - $35,000

Note: cost ranges are provided because each vehicle listed represents a product line with varying costs.

Generally, you should expect to pay considerably more upfront for a Tesla than a similar ICE vehicle – take a look at this article to get a breakdown of the upfront cost of each Tesla product.

What about electric vehicle incentives?

If you’re considering purchasing a Tesla, you’ve probably heard of the Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit, which makes newly purchased EVs eligible for a $7,500 tax credit. However, in the second calendar quarter after a manufacturer has sold 200,000 eligible EVs, the tax credit is no longer available. Tesla has now sold over 200,000 vehicles, so its EVs no longer come with this incentive. However, if the Biden administration’s Budget Reconciliation passes, there could be good news for anyone hoping to purchase a Tesla: the bill would provide either $8,000 (House version) or $10,000 (Senate version) in tax credits for new Tesla purchasers. 

Even if the bill doesn’t pass, you may be eligible for state EV incentives with the purchase of a Tesla. To learn more about the EV incentives offered in each state, check out this article

EVs vs. ICE vehicles: which is cheaper overall?

Comparing the long-term costs of EVs and ICE vehicles is challenging and depends heavily on which vehicle you’re choosing – but what can you expect in general? In June 2021, the Department of Energy (DOE) conducted a study to compare the lifetime costs of EVs and ICE vehicles, including typical maintenance costs associated with each type of vehicle. Overall, the DOE found that an EV costs 6.1 cents per mile driven, whereas an ICE vehicle costs 10.1 cents per mile driven: a 4-cent difference! While this might not sound like a lot, when you consider the life of your vehicle, it definitely adds up. Let’s say you drive 200,000 miles over the lifetime of your vehicle – that’s $8,000 saved with an EV. If you drive 300,000 miles, this number increases to $12,000, representing significant savings. 

How far can a Tesla go on one charge?

The range of your Tesla will depend on which model you own, with the Model 3 traveling the shortest distance at 267 miles and the Model S traveling the longest distance at 405 miles. Compared to an ICE vehicle, Teslas generally can’t travel as far, though some products come within 30 miles of comparable ICE vehicles. 

Distance per charge/full tank, Teslas and comparable cars

Vehicle categoryTesla Range Distance (miles)ICE Vehicle Range Distance (miles)
Compact sedanModel 3: 267 miles2022 Honda Civic 4Dr: 446 miles
Mid-size luxury sedanModel S: 405 miles2021 Mercedes-Benz E350 4matic: 435 miles
Mid-size SUVModel X: 351 miles2022 Kia Telluride AWD: 395 miles
Compact SUVModel Y Long Range: 318 miles2022 Hyundai Tucson AWD: 372 miles

What factors impact the cost of charging a Tesla?

While charging a Tesla is almost always cheaper than filling up an ICE vehicle with gas, the price difference will depend on several factors. We’ll explain some of the major things to consider to maximize your savings. 

1. Your electricity source

Because you use electricity to charge a Tesla, it’s no surprise that the biggest factor that will affect the cost of charging is your electricity source. For example, you may pay for your utility’s standard offering, or you might choose an electricity alternative, such as community solar, a community choice aggregation (CCA), or a green power plan (GPP). Typically, you’ll pay less annually to charge your Tesla if you subscribe to community solar. However, your utility’s standard offering might be cheaper than a CCA or GPP. To learn more about how these alternative electricity sources compare, be sure to check out this article

If you’re really looking to generate savings, the best way to charge your Tesla is with a rooftop solar system: once you pay off your system, you’ll essentially be able to charge it for free!

2. The size of your Tesla’s battery

It’s no surprise that you’ll pay more per charge if your car has a larger battery. However, depending on your Tesla’s range, you may still pay less per mile with a large battery, and you’ll also have to charge your vehicle less frequently.

3. The type of charger you use

When you charge your EV’s battery, not all of the energy you use is stored in the battery: some is lost as heat, some is used to keep the battery at an adequate temperature, and some escapes as “transmission loss” (a process that’s quite technical, so we won’t get into the details). The level of EV charger you use can substantially impact the amount of energy that’s lost as heat – higher voltage charging generally equates to less energy loss. 

For example, Level 1 chargers (AKA 120-volt regular outlet chargers) and Level 2 chargers (AKA 208- or 240-volt standard home EV chargers) have to convert alternating current (AC) electricity from your home into direct current (DC) electricity that can be stored by your EV’s battery. This conversion produces heat, leading to energy loss. On the other hand, Level 3 chargers (400-volt chargers you’d find on the highway) provide DC electricity, so no conversion losses occur. According to an article from Car and Driver, Level 3 chargers typically see efficiency above 90 percent, whereas Level 1 or Level 2 chargers typically reach about 85 percent, with some dropping to as low as 60 percent in cold weather.

Charging costs also vary if you opt to use one of Tesla’s Superchargers.

The table below shows the charging efficiency of various Tesla models using a 240-volt Level 2 charger. These numbers are based on documents filed with the EPA in which batteries went from zero percent to 100 percent charge – because this represents a more dramatic scenario than would typically occur, these numbers are considered conservative. 

Tesla Model charging efficiencies

Tesla ModelEnergy required to charge battery (kWh)End charge of battery (kWh)Efficiency (percentage)
Model 3*62.263 kWh54.689 kWh86.20%
Model 3 Long Range88.541 kWh78.557 kWh87.30%
Model 3 Performance94.242 kWh80.818 kWh83.40%
Model S**118.366 kWh103.892 kWh86.10%
Model S Plaid116.344 kWh99.287 kWh82.80%
Model X**118.418 kWh103.669 kWh85.8% 
Model X Plaid***117.876 kWh102.829 kWh85.40%
Model Y Long Range87.868 kWh77.702 kWh86.90%
Model Y Performance92.213 kWh81.052 kWh86.20%

*Based on the 2021 Standard Plus model, the closest model listed by the EPA.
**Based on the 2021 Long Range Plus model, the closest model listed by the EPA.
***Based on the 2021 Performance model, the closest model listed by the EPA.

4. Where you live

Electricity costs vary significantly across the country, so where you live will play a large role in how much you pay to charge your Tesla (unless you’re charging it with solar energy!). Based on August 2021 regional electricity cost data from the EIA, you can expect to pay the following to charge your Tesla depending on where you live: 

Regional electricity costs and Tesla charging costs per mile

RegionAugust 2021 cost of electricity (cents per kWh)Tesla Model 3 charging cost per mile (cents)Tesla Model S charging cost per mile (cents)Tesla Model X charging cost per mile (cents)Tesla Model Y Long Range charging cost per mile (cents)
New England20.87 cents/kWh4.87 cents6.10 cents7.04 cents5.77 cents
Middle Atlantic16.90 cents/kWh3.94 cents4.94 cents5.70 cents4.67 cents
East North Central14.14 cents/kWh3.30 cents4.13 cents4.77 cents3.91 cents
West North Central13.32 cents/kWh3.11 cents3.89 cents4.49 cents3.68 cents
South Atlantic12.43 cents/kWh2.90 cents3.63 cents4.19 cents3.43 cents
East South Central12.01 cents/kWh2.80 cents3.51 cents4.05 cents3.32 cents
West South Central11.85 cents/kWh2.76 cents3.46 cents4.00 cents3.27 cents
Mountain12.32 cents/kWh2.87 cents3.60 cents4.16 cents3.40 cents
Pacific Contiguous19.58 cents/kWh4.57 cents5.72 cents6.61 cents5.41 cents
Pacific Noncontiguous29.68 cents/kWh6.92 cents8.67 cents10.01 cents8.20  cents

Overall, you’ll probably pay the most if you live in the Pacific Noncontiguous U.S. and the least if you live in the West South Central region of the U.S.

It’s also important to note that more energy is lost in the charging process if you live in a really hot or cold climate – energy will be used to keep your Tesla’s battery at an adequate temperature, leading to a lower charging efficiency. Thus, temperate climates are best for EV charging.

5. When you charge your Tesla

Depending on where you live, you may also pay more to charge your Tesla at certain times of the day. Certain utilities have rate structures that adjust the rate you pay for electricity over the course of the day or year, based on when electricity is in high demand. These rate structures, called time-varying rates, will vary by utility but generally charge more when the cost of generating electricity and the demand for electricity are high – such as in the middle of the afternoon on a hot day. Typically, you’ll pay less to charge your Tesla after you’ve gone to bed if you live in an area with this type of rate structure. 

Frequently asked questions

How much does your monthly electricity bill go up with a Tesla?

According to 2018 data from the Department of Transportation (DOT), the average driver in the U.S. travels about 1,100 miles each month. Across all Tesla products, the average charging cost per mile is 4.56 cents per mile. So, if you only charge your Tesla at home, you can expect your electricity bill to increase by about $50 each month

How long does it take to charge a Tesla?

If you’re charging your Tesla at home, you probably have either a Level 1 (120-volt, standard outlet) charger or a Level 2 (208- or 240-volt) charger. You should expect a Level 1 charger to take between 20 to 40 hours to charge your Tesla, and a Level 2 charger to take about 8 to 12 hours. 

If you’re planning on charging your Tesla on the road at a Level 3 charging station, such as with a Tesla Supercharger, it will probably only take about 20 to 30 minutes. To learn more about charging a Tesla, make sure to take a look at our article about the time it takes to charge different Tesla models

How long do Teslas last?

In a 2019 tweet, Tesla CEO Elon Musk claimed that the Model 3 product line is “designed like a commercial truck for a million mile life.” However, he estimates that the current batteries in the vehicles should last between 300,000 and 500,000 miles, or about 1,500 cycles – the number of complete charges. Assuming you follow the U.S. average and drive 13,200 miles annually, this means you can expect your Tesla to last between 23 and 38 years.

Do you have to pay to charge a Tesla?

In most cases, charging a Tesla is not free. The one caveat is if you have a Model S or Model X you purchased in 2017 or earlier, you may have free Supercharging, but most Tesla owners do have to pay a Supercharging fee. There were also some free Supercharging credits previously given by Tesla for referrals. If you do have any free Supercharging miles available, they’ll show up in your Tesla account. Destination charging is usually free, though.

The one way to charge your Tesla for “free” is to charge it from a home solar panel installation.

Power your Tesla with renewable energy by going solar with EnergySage!

If you’re looking to lower your Tesla charging costs, the best way to do so is by going solar! On the EnergySage Marketplace, you can compare up to seven quotes from our network of pre-screened installers, allowing you to find a system that fits your needs at the right price. If you’re planning to charge an EV at your home, be sure to make a note in your account so installers can size your system accordingly – that way, you’ll be able to power your car with renewable energy generated right at your home! 

This article was originally published on November 2, 2021, and has been updated.

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About Emily Walker

Emily is a Content Marketer at EnergySage, where she's an expert in making energy fun and easy to learn about! She has a background in environmental consulting and has degrees in Environmental Science and Biology from Colby College. Outside of work, Emily is pursuing a Master of Science from Johns Hopkins University in Environmental Science and Policy. She also loves hiking, tending to her collection of houseplants, and trying out new restaurants and breweries whenever possible.

11 thoughts on “How much does it cost to charge a Tesla? EV vs. gas fuel comparison

  1. Pedro

    Guys your prices are way off in California it’s .56-.58 cents where I live , you guys making it seem like you’re saving money . I’m wasting what my co workers waste in gas but at least I got the faster car

  2. Mary

    I am so new to the concept of owning an elctric car. What if I life in a condo or apartment complex in the future and need to charge? How does this work? Do I have to run a line from my home to the parking lot? What about traveling how does one find a charging station if they are staying at an hotel?
    I know Amazon fresh has charging stations, is that free?
    Otherwise if Im on a day trip or shopping in a quaint or rural area and have to park my car in a private lot or side street how does that help with the need to charge? Does my car have solar panels installed for the extra energy needed in an emergency?

  3. Harold Buchanan

    I have used my model 3 since 2/3/2022 I have kept track of the costs of driving since.
    The cost of driving my model 3 is as follows after 5,000 miles: price per mile including purchase, insurance, fuel, and licensing is $13.26 per mile. The ave just using the charging fees comes out to $0.09 per mile.
    What isn’t apparently included on the “acreage is the incidental power used by the vehicle even when parked. I would be apprehensive about leaving the car at any long term parking area without charging access.
    I am very happy with my 3 and would buy it again the hype and forum’s usually jump all over anyone that doesn’t agree with them or says the truth about the quirks.
    The car has autonomous driving and will disable the meager uses that are trying to make it so if you don’t position your hands on the wheel properly or if you use the brakes because it is recharging and doesn’t slow down as you would when stopping. The vehicle tracks your driving and gives you demerits when it is trying to train you to do it the tesla way.

  4. Greg

    If you live in an apartment with shared utility costs and a common garage. You’re getting screwed by those special designated EV “charging stations”. AND those spots are typically the best ones.

  5. John Bloount

    For people on vacations such as weekends or travelling to entertainment areas such as mid-country Branson MO, travel time will be greatly interrupted due to charging stops creating additional cost in lodging, etc. A 600 mile trip could easily end up 2 days vs 1.
    Hybrids are only answer

    1. Kerry D

      If you start with a full battery in a Tesla Model 3 LR, you can get over 300 miles. We are talking 20-30 minutes to stop for a charge, typically 250-300 miles per charge, so you would only need one charge, maybe 2 for 600 miles. When I am in a gas vehicle, I have to stop almost as often and I typically go to the restroom and get a snack, taking about 20 minutes or more. So as for adding time to a trip, I just do not see that having anywhere near the time impact you are talking about. Most of the vehicles have the ability to map out a trip with stops at places that you can get a lunch at etc and top off the batteries. Which, I would say would typically driving 600 miles you are likely to stop for lunch. Hybrids are a start, but fully electric, or alternate fuel cells are the answer.

  6. Mark Benson

    Thanks for this interesting article. One item that should be considered in this comparison is the taxes paid for gasoline (both Federal and State). One of the issues being wrestled with is the amount of money toward roads/infrastructure that comes from these taxes and how that burden will be shifted with a shift to EVs.

    1. MG66

      Hm, but shouldn’t fossil fuel car owners then pay (taxes?) for the emissions and their negative impact on the climate?

    2. Kerry D

      Another thing to think about is that the gas vehicle requires the gas to be hauled in to the gas stations, taking a larger toll on the roads. Many cities, counties, businesses and government agencies have solar and have charging stations that run off of that. Granted the installation of the solar panels has an impact, but once it is up an running, it does not require gas to be trucked in regularly, and the impact on the roads are far less than the gas stations out there. So while the EV owner will need to pay a share for road maintenance, the gas taxes cover only so much of their impact, including the pollution they produce.

  7. Ray Stetkiewicz

    How can you say both of these in your article? Besides Tesla, which you kind of refute the need to replace the battery module, what other specific EVs are you talking about? Please site your source.

    EVs generally have higher upfront costs: as we explain below, you may need to pay more upfront for an EV than an ICE vehicle (but it could be less expensive in the long run). It’s also possible that you’ll need to replace the battery modules within your EV a few times over the lifetime of the car.

    In a 2019 tweet, Tesla CEO Elon Musk claimed that the Model 3 product line is “designed like a commercial truck for a million mile life.” However, he estimates that the current batteries in the vehicles should last between 300,000 and 500,000 miles, or about 1,500 cycles – the number of complete charges. Assuming you follow the U.S. average and drive 13,200 miles annually, this means you can expect your Tesla to last between 23 and 38 years.


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