solar windows

Solar windows: can you turn your windows into solar glass?

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Solar windows are an exciting technology that let you generate electricity from more than just rooftop panels. As the solar market evolves and expands, companies are looking into new solar technologies aimed at spreading solar energy generation beyond traditional rooftop and ground-mount solar panels. Solar windows have gained momentum recently, and could represent part of the solar market’s future.

Key takeaways about solar windows

  • Solar windows are generally an experimental technology that aren’t widely available or effective
  • Solar windows are considered “building-integrated photovoltaics”, or BIPV technology
  • You can compare quotes for a solar installation on the EnergySage Marketplace to see how you can save with solar

What is a solar panel window, and how does it work?

Any type of technology that uses windows on buildings to generate electricity from the sun could be classified as a solar panel window. Solar window technology (sometimes referred to as solar glass) isn’t ready for commercial production yet, which means that they aren’t available for you to install in your home. However, there are several solar window technologies being developed that could hit the mass market in the near future. 

Transparent solar panel windows would hypothetically be able to replace standard glass window panes, while traditional solar panels are an addition to a previously installed roof. As a result, this type of solar technology is often referred to as “building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV).” Tesla’s solar roof is another recent technology that fall under the BIPV umbrella. BIPV technologies offer many potential benefits – many homeowners love them because they can be much more aesthetically appealing and easier to maintain than traditional solar options, depending on the type of installation.

Why isn’t solar glass technology everywhere? The simple answer is functionality. Traditional opaque solar panels use photovoltaic technology, meaning they capture energy in the form of light and use it to generate electricity. Because windows are meant to let light through, windows that act as solar panels need to reconcile letting incoming light through to illuminate a room and also capturing incoming light to use for energy production. A solar window that doesn’t let enough light simply acts as a vertically mounted solar panel; if it lets too much light in, the window can’t generate enough electricity to be cost-effective. For solar panel windows to impact the solar market, they need to become truly building-integrated and unobtrusive by utiliizing transparent solar panel technology.

Solar window technologies: what solar glass options are out there?

There are several technologies either in development or early production stages that fall under the umbrella of “solar windows.”

Physee PowerWindows

Physee solar panel windows
The power-producing edge of a PowerWindow

The only currently installed solar windows are made by Physee, called PowerWindow. Physee’s product uses small solar panels installed along the edges of glass panes to generate electricity from the sun. They are only installed in one building in the world, a Dutch bank with over 300 square feet of the PowerWindows. The windows generate enough power to charge a smartphone a few times a day, and can’t act as a standalone power source for buildings yet.

Transparent solar panels

When it comes to solar panel windows that generate power from the glass itself, the technology is much further away. The key to a future with true transparent solar windows may involve nanotechnology. If windows can be designed with quantum dot technology, enough energy may be able to be harnessed from the sun while still letting light through the glass window pane the quantum dots are housed in.

In theory, quantum dots embedded in glass windows would be able to absorb light and re-emit it as infrared light towards solar cells housed at the edges of window panels, which would be used to generate power. Again, this technology is not available yet and may not be for years, but it represents an opportunity to make fully transparent solar panel windows a reality.

Solar panel blinds

solar panel blinds
Solar blinds on a window

One similar solution currently in late-stage development is solar panel blinds. Instead of the actual window producing energy, a company has designed blinds that can be hung either inside or outside of a window that have small solar panels installed along them. The blinds can be set to automatically rotate to follow the sun throughout the day, optimizing energy production and efficiency.

How to find the right solar solution for your home

Solar windows are barely beginning to touch the market, and remain highly inefficient and expensive. While solar panel windows aren’t commercially available yet, the cost of installing traditional solar panels is falling rapidly, and advances in manufacturing mean that they are more efficient than ever. Visit the EnergySage Solar Marketplace to receive competitive quotes for your property from reputable local installers. Whether your top priority is aesthetics, long-term savings, or initial investment, reviewing and comparing offers from multiple providers is the best way to solar shop for your home effectively and intelligently.

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Categories: Buyer's Guide

About Jacob Marsh

Jacob is a researcher and content writer at EnergySage, where he focuses primarily on current issues–and new technology!–in the solar industry. With a background in environmental and geological science, Jacob brings an analytical perspective and passion for conservation to help solar shoppers make the right energy choices for their wallet and the environment. Outside of EnergySage, you can find him playing Ultimate Frisbee or learning a new, obscure board game.

23 thoughts on “Solar windows: can you turn your windows into solar glass?

  1. Faith

    I live near the equator, tropical island of Singapore, where it’s so hot n humid….running air-con for the whole house is super expensive esp in a tiny space of a 3-room HDB flat, my electric bills cost as much as SGD$350 per month….
    By Jan 2019, the government is opening up the electric market….hopefully by then I can harvest some of the solar power from window solar panels to buffer my heavy electric bill to compensate my air-con to cool off the heat which is dissipating from the sun….
    I m very interested in investing in window solar panels which I googled n it led me to this page…

  2. Terry

    The biggest problem we have to deal with are people who will do anything to keep earning money by producing electricity the way it’s produced now, because money is more important to them than a clean planet. Taking down an industry just isn’t easy.

  3. Matthew

    I live in a condo with about 300 sq/ft of windows along the SW corner in a very hot climate. Solar windows would be the holy grail for me as my cooling costs are very high. I guess it’s still a dream for now.


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